What is DVD?
Introduced to the market in year 1997, DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) has successfully penetrated all areas of consumer uses as a new generation of optical disc storage technology. Even though it’s physical dimension is the same with compact discs (i.e. 8cm or 12cm in diameter), DVD takes its advantages of having much higher density with a single data format. Minimum DVD storage of data is 4.7GB; however its maximum storage capability can be up to 26 times as much as a standard CD-R. Compared with CD technology, DVD allows for better quality of graphics, resolution and surrounded sound. Nowadays, DVD’s widespread has gain support from major numbers of electronic companies, computer hardware companies, and also music and audio studios all over the world.
In DVD, lens with higher Numerical Aperture (i.e. NA) is achieved to refine the laser assembly; hence allow usage of lesser smaller pits and narrower tracks. Modulation scheme of 8 to 17 (EFM PLUS) is used to provide DVD more efficient backward compatibility.
Another special and outstanding feature adopted by DVD is the powerful technique of error correction to recover from even large scratches with nearly no loss of data. The RS-PC (Reed Solomon Product Code) is used in this technique which allows as 10 times more robust than which is currently used in CD system. Also, DVD is provided with several configurations of data reader ranging from 2D to 3D storage. Each configuration allows different additional storage capacity.
DVD-ROM. Provides high-capacity computer ROM storage. Data types stored range from multimedia, computer games, interactive systems to databases. DVD includes variety of recordable variations including DVD-R, DVD-RAM, DVD+RW and DVD-RW D-ROM
DVD-Audio. Provides far higher quality surround-sound music with increased playing time.
DVD-Video. Provides high-quality multi-lingual movies on one disk with random-access to episodes and surround-sound audio.
CD versus DVD
A CD is also data storage medium where you can store your data on using a CD writer or DVD writer. On a normal CD you can store up to 700 MB. The capacity of a CD is not that much but it is ideal for moving data like documents and photos on it. So if you want to move smaller files you can burn your data to a CD. Also for CD writers there are several functions and speeds available on the market like a CD-R (recordable) or a CD-RW (rewritable).